National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped was established in Kolkata in the year 1978. It was registered in April, 1982, under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The mission of the Institute is to develop human resources for providing rehabilitation services to persons with locomotor disabilities, providing of services in rehabilitation, restorative surgery, aids/appliances etc.
The Institute is responsible for development of manpower for providing services, namely, training of physiotherapists, occupational therapists, orthotics and prosthetic technicians, employment and placement officers etc. NIOH also develops model services in the areas of restorative surgery, aids and appliances, vocational training etc. for the orthopaedically handicapped population. It conducts and sponsors research in all aspects, relating to the total rehabilitation of the orthopaedically handicapped people and is involved with standardizing aids and appliances for the orthopaedically handicapped and promoting their manufacture and distribution.